17 students enrolled

chptr 4 Abolition Groups

Abolition Groups

4.1. Phases of Abolition

Abolition exists anytime someone fights or stands up against human trafficking. It is mainly based on the commitment, hard work, passion and actions of organizations and individuals that try to fight the traffickers and/or support the victims. There are different actions that a group or an organization can promote, create or support against human trafficking.

4.2. Awareness Actions

One of the first issues that abolition groups have to face is to raise awareness in people, institutions and civil society organizations producing educational tools to spread knowledge about human trafficking, what it means, how it is performed, who is more easily victim of this abhorrent crime (i.e. Eastern Europe and South East Asia face a big issue in sex slaves trafficking) how to recognize them and what can be done to help them.

4.3. Policy Actions

Where no policies on fighting human trafficking are enacted an abolitionist group should involve public discussions in order to force legislators and governments to take action to oppose these crimes. The role of those who are involved in fighting human trafficking, not only specific organizations but also individuals and groups focusing on others issues, too, is to create pressure on the institutions through public rallies, media coverage and lobbying to enact every possible and useful tool to reach their goal. The main objective is to empower the prosecution of traffickers and the aftercare of the victims.

4.4. Rescue Actions

Obviously rescuing people who are victims of the traffic is the main task. It is an action that should be left to professionals and law enforcement, but everyone can help:

  • looking for information about the victims,

  • if they are enslaved,

  • where they are kept,

  • the creation of hotlines to make reporting cases easier,

  • making public complaint,

  • creating a legal support etc.

4.5. Prosecution Actions

One of the chances to stop, or at least to reduce, trafficking is to strongly prosecute criminals, who commit this crime at all the levels of the chain. The risk has to be so high that they should be discouraged, obviously this kind of action is subordinate to the creation of adequate laws and policies.

4.6. Aftercare Actions

Providing aftercare services to the victims is a fundamental task. The main reason is to give time and chance for people to recover who have lived horrible, violent and humiliating experiences, but also to prevent them from finding themselves again in the same conditions, which led to the trafficking or the enslavement. Aftercare actions involve finding safe houses, helping with legal assistance, medical care and everything useful to help people feeling better.

4.7. Empowerment Actions

It is all about creating effective conditions to the now former victims for creating opportunities to go on with their lives. Job placement, education, legal status and so on are the basis to let them back to regular life.

4.8. Groups

There are a lot of groups that work against human trafficking, obviously not all the organizations can follow all the above phases and actions. Therefore, sometimes groups target a specific action or a specific group of victims (i.e. sex workers, child labour).

There are international organizations fighting human trafficking and slavery:

  • Amnesty International

  • Hope for Justice

  • International Justice Mission

  • End Slavery Now

  • Anti-Slavery International

  • Abolish Slavery

  • The Office to Combat Trafficking in Persons (OCTIP): that is a government agency responsible for coordinating efforts to address human trafficking in Canada

Some groups focus on specific targets like sex slaves:

  • Maiti Nepal (Nepal)

  • Prerana (India)

  • Face to Face (Bulgaria)

  • Reaching out Romania (Romania)

  • Tiny Hands International

4.9. Your Role and Act in Abolition Groups

You can support Abolition Groups in several ways, if you join one you should be sure about your commitment and passion in order to be an effective helper and changer.

Your help can be useful in educating people and raising awareness in your community about human trafficking and slavery, or you can help raising funds.

If there isn’t an abolition group in your community or local area, you can also think about starting a new one; obviously you will need help from a stronger organization, like CCIF (Cross Culture International Foundation- Malta), that can help you join their network and work along with others groups.

CCIF Groups are usually built around family or friends based in schools, universities, churches and so on, those groups set up regular meetings to share and update information’s and actions, CCIF provide materials with ideas and resources to work on with your group.


Chapter 1: What is Human Trafficking?

1.1.        Definition of Human Trafficking

1.2.        Human Trafficking and EU Law

1.3.        October 18: EU Anti-Trafficking Day

1.4.     Ways to prevent human trafficking

Chapter 2: Types of Human Trafficking

2.1.        Forced Prostitution

2.2.        Forced Labour

2.3.        Forced Marriage

2.4.        Organ Theft

2.5.        Child Abduction and Trafficking

2.6.        Child-Selling

2.7.        Forced Child Begging

2.8.        Trafficking Boat

2.9.        Conclusion

Chapter 3: How to Recognize the Signs/Indicators of Human Trafficking

3.1.        Failure to Recognize Trafficking Victims Forced Labour

3.2.        Misidentifying Trafficking Victims Organ Theft

3.3.        Reasons Trafficking Victims Do Not Come Forward

3.4.        Knowledge Is Power

3.5.        Signs of Trafficking:  How to Identify a Victim Being Trafficked

3.6.        Human Trafficking Indicators

3.7.        Questions to Ask

3.8.        Where to Get Help


Chapter 4: Abolition Groups

4.1.        Phases of Abolition

4.2.        Awareness Actions

4.3.        Policy Actions

4.4.        Rescue Actions

4.5.        Prosecution Actions

4.6.        Aftercare Actions

4.7.        Empowerment Actions

4.8.        Groups

4.9.        Your Role and Act in Abolition Groups

Chapter 5: What can the Youth do to help STOP Human Trafficking?

5.1.         Name of NGO & Country

5.2.         Brief Outline of Topic

5.3.        Objective of Write-up

5.4.        Definitions

5.5.        Content

5.6.        Conclusion

5.7.        References

Chapter 6: Recommendations for Improvements/Moving Forward

Chapter 7: General Indicators and Signs of Human Trafficking

7.1.        General Indicators

7.2.        Children

7.3.        Sexual Exploitation

7.4.        Domestic Servitude

7.5.        Labour Exploitation

7.6.        Begging and Petty Crime



This manual is a culmination of contributions from several young people that took part in the IUME youth exchange that was implemented in Malta in June 2018. The aim of this youth exchange was to bring together young people and their leaders to participate in the implementation of a project that focused on raising awareness on human trafficking using arts. Taking advantage of Valletta being the European Capital of Culture for 2018, the youths performed in the evenings at the Upper Barrakka Gardens in Valletta on 29th June and at the new Paola Pjazza on the 30th of June 2018

You can easily download the manual here   trafficking