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Chptr 5 What can the Youth do to help to STOP Human trafficking?

What can the Youth do to help to STOP Human trafficking?

5.2. Brief Outline of Topic:

Trafficking in human beings is one of the greatest problems of the modern world. There are many victims and statistics are not entirely true because there are unregistered cases. Trafficking may be on or outside the country itself. Nearly 90% of the victims are women and the remaining 10% are men, according to Eurostat. The most common causes of trafficking in human beings are sexual exploitation, forced labor, begging, organ harvesting, and others.

Trafficking in human beings is a criminal offense that is accompanied by violence, control, coercion, exploitation in various forms, false promises, and human rights violations, and the victims are mostly young people and children. Saved by the illusion of a better future – work, university, travel and social life, young people easily trust and become slaves. We think that the problem is far from us, but unfortunately, Bulgaria is among the countries with the most registered cases of trafficking in human beings.

5.3. Objective of Write-up

(i) Involving young people and organizing events at local, national, European and international levels in which their peers, and also the larger ones, inform themselves about the dangers of trafficking.

(ii) Bringing youth together, creating a sense of community that they are not alone that at every end of the planet and every moment there is another person to whom they can turn for help and advice.

5.4. Definitions

In Bulgaria, various trainings and consultations on the detection of trafficking in human beings are carried out. However, young people need to be more informed and should try to be more useful to society. Organizations, institutions and employees must be trained for early identification of victims. There must be a unified information system between different prevention organizations and united in larger-scale campaigns. Volunteer teams have to be set up to work continuously on this issue, not just on different campaigns. Higher- level partners (media, employers of major companies, representatives of the tourism business) must be attracted. All schools must be regularly trained, as are the parents of all these children. We, the youth, know that unification means power, so we stand together against trafficking in human beings. Different people with different interests from different countries are united by love and art to show the world that it can be better! Together, we can make the change to build a free future for us and our children.

5.5. Content

The future is for young people who need to improve their lifestyle. Trafficking in human beings is a serious problem that young people can help. We believe that the lack of information and support is at the root of the problem. There are many non-governmental organizations working together with the police to solve the problem of trafficking in human beings and domestic violence. A good opportunity is for these non-governmental organizations to work with youth organizations and so the information on the prevention of “modern slavery” reaches more people, especially young people and children. Conducting information campaigns, performing arts and celebrating the World Day for Combating Trafficking in Human Beings (October 18th) are just a part of the activities that are being carried out in Bulgaria by various organizations to raise public awareness about the problem and ways of prevention. Children, students and the elderly can be protected by being aware of the phenomenon of “trafficking in human beings”, trafficking detection indicators – who to turn to, in case of doubts or information that they or their relatives have become victims of trafficking. Mouth-to-mouth information is spread very quickly and easily, and so young people can train their peers, make simulation games, and meet with competent authorities.

Counselling and support for victims of trafficking in human beings is important for their future and quick recovery. Reintegration in society is a long process in which young people can help by organizing seminars, concerts and productions. Art is fun, but with it you can tackle problems. Successful rescuers from the slavery of traffickers can help authorities successfully capture and save others, and young people can participate in building a policy to combat trafficking in human beings. The European Union provides young people with the opportunity to meet young people from other countries and exchange ideas and solutions to the problem. Enhancing knowledge and broadening the worldview helps young people to be more productive and more creative. Volunteering helps young people to be competent in different fields and can therefore be useful to their society and to addressing issues such as trafficking in human beings.

The misfortune is happening rapidly, evil is overtaken by all who are not careful. Advice when traveling, starting work or studying abroad must be followed. Everyone can fall into a trap, but when it comes with caution and with the knowledge of relatives and friends – this can be prevented. Engage in campaigns to prevent and protect people in need because no one is insured by tomorrow.

5.6. Conclusion

a) “Put your hand” (virtual portal to help with trafficking in human beings)

Many young people have knowledge in computer technology and they are willing to help. We think this idea would help. With the help of the young, an internet portal or a mobile application can be created to help people in need of help, who are afraid to search for it elsewhere, to search for it from someone in the portal willing to listen and even help if there is a way. Also in this portal, we aim to connect people who are looking for a relative who according to them suffered from trafficking in human beings.

In order to be able to join the portal both as a volunteer and as a professional therapist, or to grant rights according to what you applied for.

Registration for the needy to be anonymous within a certain period, then a need to fill in the data so that you can continue to stay in contact. In this way, people who have difficulty or who are afraid to reveal themselves have time in which to  pass the threshold of fear, and after registration will enter the system. Their contact profile will be given if they request.

b) “NO to slave labour”

The Prevention Directorate, the Municipality of Varna and the Local Commission for Combating Trafficking in Human Beings – Varna launched Campaign for the Prevention of Trafficking in Human Beings for the purpose of labor exploitation “NO to slave labor”.

In recent years, trafficking in human beings for labor exploitation, unfortunately, has been increasing. At the same time, these cases are underestimated by both the responsible institutions and the victims themselves, who often perceive bad employment as a norm. A special vulnerable group for this kind of trafficking is the young people who are provoked by the lack of opportunities for realization in Bulgaria looking for work abroad. The lack of knowledge of standards and working conditions in the country of destination as well as the lack of skills to recognize risky situations and knowledge of where and how to protect, increase the risk of trafficking in human beings for labor exploitation. The campaign aims, through different communication channels, to raise the awareness of the target group about the risks of involvement in this type of trafficking, the most frequent operational forms and ways of protection at home and abroad.

5.7. References

We believe that the best thing that the youth can do to help to stop human trafficking is raising awareness. Young people should inform themselves carefully before taking on a trip or something similar.

It’s hard to remain quiet knowing that human trafficking is going on, so we should speak up—each voice that spreads the word about the problem is important. Share the story with our friends, colleagues, and work together as a group to promote awareness and take action. The students and professors of Mercer University did exactly that when they launched S.T.O.P, an organization that works to end sex trafficking through awareness, action, and dialogue. Recently, S.T.O.P. coordinated the Call to End 21st Century Slavery conference, which hosted over 900 students and citizens from across the country. To get started on an own group, meetings should be hosted to spark interest, then decide on the group’s specific goals. Will it promote awareness, take action, or both? Once we’ve decided, we can plan events and outreach to further spread your message.

Trafficking is a crime against mankind. But we are all connected as a network. If we stand together and do what it takes, we can open the doors for a brighter future, for the goodness and well-being of humanity.


Chapter 1: What is Human Trafficking?

1.1.        Definition of Human Trafficking

1.2.        Human Trafficking and EU Law

1.3.        October 18: EU Anti-Trafficking Day

1.4.     Ways to prevent human trafficking

Chapter 2: Types of Human Trafficking

2.1.        Forced Prostitution

2.2.        Forced Labour

2.3.        Forced Marriage

2.4.        Organ Theft

2.5.        Child Abduction and Trafficking

2.6.        Child-Selling

2.7.        Forced Child Begging

2.8.        Trafficking Boat

2.9.        Conclusion

Chapter 3: How to Recognize the Signs/Indicators of Human Trafficking

3.1.        Failure to Recognize Trafficking Victims Forced Labour

3.2.        Misidentifying Trafficking Victims Organ Theft

3.3.        Reasons Trafficking Victims Do Not Come Forward

3.4.        Knowledge Is Power

3.5.        Signs of Trafficking:  How to Identify a Victim Being Trafficked

3.6.        Human Trafficking Indicators

3.7.        Questions to Ask

3.8.        Where to Get Help


Chapter 4: Abolition Groups

4.1.        Phases of Abolition

4.2.        Awareness Actions

4.3.        Policy Actions

4.4.        Rescue Actions

4.5.        Prosecution Actions

4.6.        Aftercare Actions

4.7.        Empowerment Actions

4.8.        Groups

4.9.        Your Role and Act in Abolition Groups

Chapter 5: What can the Youth do to help STOP Human Trafficking?

5.1.         Name of NGO & Country

5.2.         Brief Outline of Topic

5.3.        Objective of Write-up

5.4.        Definitions

5.5.        Content

5.6.        Conclusion

5.7.        References

Chapter 6: Recommendations for Improvements/Moving Forward

Chapter 7: General Indicators and Signs of Human Trafficking

7.1.        General Indicators

7.2.        Children

7.3.        Sexual Exploitation

7.4.        Domestic Servitude

7.5.        Labour Exploitation

7.6.        Begging and Petty Crime



This manual is a culmination of contributions from several young people that took part in the IUME youth exchange that was implemented in Malta in June 2018. The aim of this youth exchange was to bring together young people and their leaders to participate in the implementation of a project that focused on raising awareness on human trafficking using arts. Taking advantage of Valletta being the European Capital of Culture for 2018, the youths performed in the evenings at the Upper Barrakka Gardens in Valletta on 29th June and at the new Paola Pjazza on the 30th of June 2018

You can easily download the manual here   trafficking